Course Descriptions - Biology

BIO1050 Life Sciences Seminar 1 semester hour
This course will serve as an introduction to either the biology or health science major at Aurora University. Topics include academic, professional and behavioral expectations of students in the sciences, potential career pathways, and tips for college and future success.

BIO1060 Human Biology 4 semester hours
The course examines the human organism and the impact of modern biology and medical discoveries on humans. Topics covered include anatomy/physiology, immunity, reproduction, development, genetics, and the relationship between humans and their environment. Laboratory experiences are incorporated into the course where appropriate.
Meets General Education “Observation of the Natural World” requirement (for students entering Aurora University prior to Summer 2014).

BIO1150 Life Science for Educators 4 semester hours
This course surveys the major principles of life science for those majoring in elementary, middle school or special education. Topics include evolution, the diversity of life, ecology, cell biology and inheritance. Laboratory experiences will include exercises that enhance content understanding, and will focus on the pedagogy of life science.

BIO1210 Biology of Cells 3 semester hours
This course studies the cell as the basic unit of biology. Topics include structure and roles of biologically important molecules, prokaryote and eukaryote cell structure, concepts of metabolism and energy flow, enzymes, photosynthesis, ATP production, cell reproduction, molecular genetics, and the principles of Mendelian genetics.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO1210Z laboratory section.
Meets General Education “Observation of the Natural World” requirement (for students entering Aurora University prior to Summer 2014).

BIO1210Z Biology of Cells Laboratory 1 semester hour
The laboratory for Biology of Cells will explore the methods and techniques in biology that support the lecture topics of cell and molecular biology.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO1210 lecture section.

BIO1220 Biology of Organisms 3 semester hours
This course studies the levels of the biological hierarchy above the level of the individual organism. Topics include microevolution and natural selection, macroevolution, the history and diversity of life, and ecological principles.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO1220Z laboratory section.

BIO1220Z Biology of Organisms Laboratory 1 semester hour
The laboratory for Biology of Cells will explore the methods and techniques in biology that support the lecture topics of evolution, diversity and ecology.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO1220 lecture section.

BIO2080 Nutrition and Health Promotion 4 semester hours
This course explores all aspects of health (physical, mental, spiritual), with an emphasis on the impact of nutrition on one’s well being. Topics include biochemical, cellular and physiological roles of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins and minerals, the body’s response to excess and deficiency of various nutrients, and contemporary issues in nutrition.
Prerequisite: BIO1060 or BIO1210/1210Z.

BIO2200 Humans and the Environment 4 semester hours
This course provides students with an overview of the relationship between humans and their environment, and to the environmental problems that we face. Topics include human population growth, pollution, climate change, energy use, and loss of biodiversity, along with emerging contemporary issues. Implications and potential solutions will be discussed.
Meets General Education “Observation of the Natural World” requirement (for students entering Aurora University prior to Summer 2014).

BIO2280 Microbiology 3 semester hours
This course covers principles and techniques of microbiology. Topics include the structure and life cycles of bacteria, viruses, protists, fungi, parasitic worms, characteristics of the major groups of bacteria, bacterial growth and metabolism, microbial genetics and pathogenesis, epidemiology, and selected infectious diseases.
Prerequisite: BIO1210/1210Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2280Z laboratory section.

BIO2280Z Microbiology Laboratory 1 semester hour
Laboratory experiences for Microbiology include microscopy and staining techniques, bacterial culture, control of microbes, and identification of microbes using metabolic and morphologic characteristics plus selected topics.
Prerequisite: BIO1210/1210Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2280 lecture section.

BIO2300 Introduction to Zoology 3 semester hours
This course will examine the diversity and organ systems of animals, using a comparative approach. Topics include the classification and phylogeny of the major animal groups, the structure and function of animal organ systems, and the ways in which animals are adapted to their environments.
Prerequisites: BIO1210/1210Z; BIO1220/1220Z.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO 2300Z laboratory section.

BIO2300Z Introduction to Zoology Laboratory 1 semester hour
Laboratory and experiences for Introduction to Zoology are designed to support the content presented in lecture and to provide hands-on experience with representative animals and techniques.
Prerequisites: BIO1210/1210Z; BIO1220/1220Z.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2300 lecture section.

BIO2350 Introduction to Botany 3 semester hours
This course will examine the diversity and organ systems of “plants,” using a comparative approach. Topics include the classification and phylogeny of the major photosynthetic groups (cyanobacteria, algae, and plants) as well as the heterotrophic fungi, characteristics of selected angiosperm families, the structure and function of plant and fungal organ systems, and the ways in which plants and fungi are adapted to their environments.
Prerequisites: BIO 1210/1210Z; BIO1220/1220Z.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO 2350Z laboratory section.

BIO2350Z Introduction to Botany Laboratory 1 semester hour
Laboratory and experiences for Introduction to Botany are designed to support the content presented in lecture and to provide hands-on experience with representative plants/fungi and techniques.
Prerequisite: BIO1210/1210Z; BIO1220/1220Z.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2350 lecture section.

BIO2400 Genetics 4 semester hours
This course provides an in-depth analysis of both transmission and molecular genetics. Topics include the sources of genetic variation, Mendelian inheritance, chromosomal transmission, DNA structure and function, gene expression, gene mapping, bioinformatics and the interaction between genetics and society.
Prerequisites: MTH1100 or equivalent; BIO1210/1210Z with “C” or better.

BIO2650 Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology 4 semester hours
This course explores the interrelationship between structure and function in the human body at the macro, micro and cellular levels, with an emphasis on how physiological mechanisms operate to maintain homeostasis. Topics include tissues, thermoregulation, and the major body systems (i.e., integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiac, respiratory, digestive, renal and reproductive). Laboratory experiences will reinforce lecture material through the use of models, dissection and various modes of technology.
Prerequisites: BIO1210/1210Z; BIO1220/1220Z.
Credit WILL NOT be given for this course and BIO2660/2660Z and/or BIO2670/2670Z.

BIO2660 Anatomy and Physiology I 3 semester hours
This course is the first of a two-course sequence that provides a detailed study of the relationship between structure and function of the human organism. Topics include physical and chemical principles related to the major organ systems, including integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous and the sensory systems.
Prerequisite: BIO1210/1210Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2660Z laboratory section.

BIO2660Z Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory 1 semester hour
Laboratory experiences for Anatomy and Physiology I will reinforce lecture material through the use of models, dissection and various modes of technology.
Prerequisite: BIO1210/1210Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2660 lecture section.

BIO2670 Anatomy and Physiology II 3 semester hours
This course is the second of a two-course sequence that provides a detailed study of the relationship between structure and function of the human organism. Topics include the endocrine, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, immune, reproductive and urinary systems, with discussion of acid-base and electrolyte balance.
Prerequisite: BIO2660/2660Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO 2670Z laboratory section.

BIO2670Z Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory 1 semester hour
Laboratory experiences for Anatomy and Physiology II will reinforce lecture material through the use of models, dissection and various modes of technology.
Prerequisite: BIO2660/2660Z with a grade of “C” or higher.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO2660 lecture section.

BIO2750 Health Professions Seminar 2 semester hours
This course is designed for students interested in pursuing a career in the health professions, and introduces them to the health care environment. Topics include the roles and responsibilities of healthcare providers, issues affecting healthcare in America, and the economic, political, sociological, psychological, and ethical problems facing healthcare professionals. The various factors that may influence career decisions in the health field will also be discussed. Intended for sophomore-level students.

BIO3040 Immunology 4 semester hours
This course explores the principles and applications of immunology. Topics include the anatomy, physiology and genetics of the immune system, the cellular and antibody response to various infectious organisms (i.e., bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and parasitic worms), and the immune response to tumors. In addition, immune disorders, including hypersensitivity, allergy, autoimmunity, and immune deficiency, will be discussed. Immunologic techniques will be discussed, studied in the laboratory, and applications to research, testing, and diagnosis will be covered.
Prerequisite: BIO2280/2280Z.

BIO3050 Pathophysiology 4 semester hours
This course surveys the principles and mechanisms of disease on the cellular and organismal levels. Topics include the immunologic, inflammatory, genetic, nutritional and neoplastic mechanisms of disease, and reviews the major diseases of each organ system.
Prerequisite: BIO2670/2670Z with a grade of “C” or higher.

BIO3100 Human Physiology 4 semester hours
This course covers the fundamentals of human physiology from a homeostatic perspective, emphasizing the intrinsic and extrinsic control of body systems. Topics include membrane and neuronal physiology, fluid and acid-base balance, energy balance, and temperature control, as well as the physiology of the nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiac, immune, respiratory, urinary, digestive, endocrine and reproductive systems.
Prerequisites: BIO1210/1210Z; BIO2300/2300Z.
Highly Recommended: PHY2220; BIO/CHM3550.

BIO3150 Invertebrate Zoology 4 semester hours
This course provides an in-depth survey of the protozoa and invertebrate animals. Topics include taxonomic classification, key characteristics, body systems, and evolutionary innovations of each invertebrate group studied, using a comparative approach. Laboratory will involve detailed observations of select invertebrates (with emphasis on identification and classification) through behavioral, microscopy, dissection, and field techniques.
Prerequisite: BIO2300/2300Z.BIO3250

BIO3150 Invertebrate Zoology 4 semester hours
This course provides an in-depth survey of the vertebrate animals beginning with fishes and ending with mammals. Emphasis will be placed on identification and evolution of vertebrates, comparative physiology, and descriptions of key characteristics and evolutionary innovations of the vertebrate classes, using a comparative approach. Laboratory will involve detailed observations of select vertebrates through behavioral observation, microscopy, dissection and field techniques.
Prerequisite: BIO2300/2300Z.

BIO3260 Systematic Botany 4 semester hours
This course will examine the morphology and anatomy of the vascular plants, with an emphasis on the characteristics of major families to aid in the diagnostic identification of plant taxa. Topics include a comprehensive overview of vascular plant phylogeny through various lines of taxonomic evidence (e.g., morphology, anatomy, embryology, chromosomes, palynology, secondary plant compounds, proteins and DNA), the history of plant classification and botanical nomenclature, and the interactions between humans and plants. Laboratory will involve detailed observations of plant morphology and anatomy, as well as field and herbarium methodologies.
Prerequisite: BIO2350/2350Z.
Meets General Education “Observation of the Natural World” requirement (for students entering Aurora University prior to Summer 2014).

BIO3270 Plant Physiology 4 semester hours
This course will examine the functional and related structural aspects of vascular plants. Topics include transport and translocation of water and solutes; mineral nutrient requirements (including deficiency symptoms and availability from soil); biochemistry and metabolism of photosynthesis and respiration, plant regulators; and growth and development (with plant movements and responses to light and temperature). Laboratory will involve short- and long-term experiments in controlled conditions that explore physiological concepts.
Prerequisite: BIO2350/2350Z.

BIO3360 Biogerontology 4 semester hours
This course provides an in-depth exploration of the biology of aging in humans and distinguishes pathophysiological conditions from “normal aging.” Topics include theories of aging and how nutrition, exercise, stress, and social interaction affect aging. Students will have the opportunity to conduct service learning projects with older adults at long-term care facilities.
Prerequisites: BIO1060; BIO2650 or BIO2670/2670Z.

BIO3370 Conservation Biology 4 semester hours
This course provides an introduction to conservation biology and conservation practice. Topics include the earth’s biological diversity, threats to its biological diversity, how threats influence populations and species, and solutions to dealing with those threats. Laboratory experiences will provide opportunities to apply lecture material, and include both conservation management methods and fieldwork at local nature reserves to give students the opportunity for real-world application of conservation techniques.
Prerequisites: BIO2300/2300Z; BIO2350/2350Z.
Highly Recommended: BIO3510.

BIO3450 Advanced Cell Biology 4 semester hours
This course examines the integration of structure and function of living things on the cellular level. Topics include cell physiology and energetics, molecular biology, and contemporary problems in cell biology, immunology, and developmental biology. Research methods and primary literature will be discussed.
Prerequisites: BIO2400; CHM1320/1320Z.

BIO3510 Ecology 4 semester hours
This course provides an introduction to ecological principles and the interactions of organisms with their environment (living and non-living). Topics include climate, soils, aquatic and marine environments, an organism’s relationship to its environment, population ecology, species interactions, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology. Laboratory exercises will reinforce lecture material and enhance ecological research methods and data analysis through conducting small scale experiments and exploring the biodiversity in our region.
Prerequisite: BIO2300/2300Z or BIO2350/2350Z.

BIO3520 Animal Behavior 4 semester hours
This course provides an introduction to the study of ethology, or animal behavior, with an emphasis on both the proximate and ultimate causes of behavior. Topics include genetic and hormonal influences on behavior, types of learning and cultural transmission, predation, foraging, habitat selection, mating systems and social interactions. Laboratory exercises will reinforce lecture materials and expose students to research methods and data analysis in the animal behavior field.
Prerequisites: BIO2300/2300Z; BIO2400.

BIO3530 Evolution 4 semester hours
This course provides an introduction to evolutionary biology. Topics include the evidence for evolution, inferring evolutionary relationships, mechanisms of evolutionary change, population genetics, speciation and the history of life. Research methods and primary literature will be discussed, and students will use online molecular databases to make evolutionary inferences.
Prerequisite: BIO2400.

BIO3540 Biological Anthropology 4 semester hours
This course provides an overview of the human species in the context of its evolutionary relationships with other primates, with emphasis on the interrelated realms of knowledge that shed light on leading hypotheses for human evolution, biology and behavior. Topics include evidence from the fossil record, molecular evolutionary trees, primatology, evolutionary biology, history of science, human biology, forensics and psychology. Scientific findings from these fields will be explored to understand our origins and contemporary issues in human biology, science and society.
Prerequisite: Junior standing.

BIO/CHM3550 Biochemistry 4 semester hours
This course explores the properties of the four classes of macromolecules and chemical processes important to living organisms. Topics include the structure, properties, function and metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids, emphasizing enzymology, bioenergetics and metabolic regulation. Research methods and primary literature will be discussed.
Prerequisite: CHM2420/2420Z with a grade of “C” or higher.BIO3600

Molecular Biology 4 semester hours
This course will provide a detailed study and analysis of molecular biological processes. Topics include DNA replication, transcription, and translation as well as the regulation of these processes. Laboratory experiences will enable in-depth examination of these topics, and provide opportunities to learn modern molecular biological techniques that play an important role in biological research (including DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction, gel electrophoresis, molecular cloning, and DNA sequencing).
Prerequisite: BIO2400 with a grade of “C” or higher.

BIO/CHM3650 Instrumental Methods of Analysis 3 semester hours
This course will provide the fundamentals of instrumental and classical methods of analysis. It will be an introduction to biological and chemical sample preparation, separation techniques, volumetric, electrochemical and spectroscopic methods. Laboratory work combines classical and instrumental methods of analysis.
Prerequisites: BIO1210/1210Z; MTH1100; CHM1320/1320Z.
Co-requisite: Registration in CHM/BIO3650Z Instrumental Methods of Analysis Laboratory.

BIO/CHM3650Z Instrumental Methods of Analysis Laboratory 1 semester hour
This course addresses the basic principles of instrumental analysis, including infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, potentiometry, and X-ray diffraction.
Co-requisite: Registration in BIO/CHM3650.

BIO/PSC/SOC3700 Politics of Global Health and Medicine 4 semester hours
The course addresses the question of how social and political factors, such as race, nationality or social class, as well as governmental laws, regulations and politics shape and are shaped by individual and population health and well-being around the world. Among other questions, students discuss the impact of structural violence of social inequalities on human suffering and on the access to health care and medical care, including access to medications. The ethicality of medical research is also included in that discussion. Assigned readings and discussions address (1) the determinants of disease and health inequalities between populations and over time; (2) how social and political factors influence medical knowledge, health care and medical care; and 3) what must be done to combat and prevent health inequalities in local, national and global contexts.

BIO3790 ACCA Affiliated Course 2 –4 semester hours
Aurora University in collaboration with the other Associated Colleges of the Chicago Area (ACCA), the Shedd Aquarium, and Morton Arboretum offers a range of courses, including lecture series, laboratory courses and field experiences which enrich our core curriculum. These will be offered as student interests and needs indicate.
Prerequisite: Consent of program chair.

BIO3820 Secondary Methods in Biology 4 semester hours
This course presents techniques that are effective for teaching in the biology content area at the secondary level. Topics include lesson planning, science education standards, assessment, curriculum design, inquiry-based lessons and alternative teaching strategies. This is usually the last course the student takes prior to student teaching, and includes a simultaneous practicum in addition to regular classroom hours.
Prerequisites: Acceptance into the School of Education, including passing the Basic Skills Test/TAP; maintaining a content GPA of 3.00; passing an FBI national fingerprint screening that encompasses passing a criminal background/ sex offender check; passing a TB test; EDU2200, EDU2260; andEDU3720. Placement applications for the practicum are due to the School of Education placement coordinator the January before the academic year of the practicum or for transfer students upon acceptance into the School of Education.

BIO3970 Research in Biology 1–4 semester hours
This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to do biological research that has the potential to be published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal and/or presented at a scientific meeting. Students will accomplish these goals by performing a supervised research project, and attending weekly seminars with their supervising instructor on how to conduct scientific research. A maximum of two semester hours can be used toward graduation.
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and program chair.

BIO4985 Senior Capstone in Health Sciences 2 semester hours
This course examines problems and issues at the intersection of the health sciences and society. These problems will be explored through readings, writing, class discussion, group projects and presentations. Students will gather and analyze information from scientific journals, secondary sources and popular literature.
Prerequisite: Senior standing.

BIO4990 Senior Capstone in Biological Sciences 2 semester hours
This course examines problems and issues at the intersection of the natural sciences and society. These problems will be explored through readings, writing, class discussion, group projects and presentations. Students will gather and analyze information from scientific journals, secondary sources and popular literature.
Prerequisite: Senior standing.